Drug development is becoming more complex than ever. Regulatory agencies expect sponsors to consider a wide variety of intrinsic and extrinsic factors that could impact drug safety and efficacy. These factors include intrinsic variability― CYP metabolizer status, age, sex, renal/hepatic impairment― as well as external variables― co-medications, food effects, smoker status, etc. Clinical trials alone […]Read More
It may be 2016, but we just held the 17th annual Simcyp Consortium meeting in Sheffield, UK. This year’s gathering had >120 attendees with representatives from all but one of the 34 consortium member companies joining. The opening session reviewed the progress made by the Simcyp staff toward the field of regulatory science, physiologically-based pharmacokinetic […]Read More
My mom― a clinician scientist herself― would often say this about the power of pharmacology: Every medicine has its price. While most patients benefit from their medications, cases of fatal drug poisonings are tragedies wherein patients pay the ultimate price. Forensic toxicology probes cases of fatal poisonings where the cause of death is unknown. This […]Read More
I recently had the pleasure of attending a 1.5 day Certara forum for management on the applications of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling and simulation in Chicago, IL. Our CSO Dr. Amin Rostami and Certara consulting scientist, Dr. Alice Ke aptly led the forum. The highlight of the meeting was discussing the latest challenges and trends […]Read More
350 million patients worldwide suffer from 7,000 rare diseases, yet only 300 of these diseases have approved treatments. This gap, impacting 95% of rare disease patients, represents a huge unmet medical need. Developing drugs for rare diseases poses a range of clinical, regulatory and commercial challenges. The small number of patients are difficult to identify […]Read More
On July 15, the US FDA published its goals and commitment letters for the re-authorization of its Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) for fiscal years 2018-2022, known as PDUFA VI. The document reflects the agency’s performance and procedural goals to expedite bringing safer therapies to patients. It also reflects and incorporates the advances in […]Read More
The prevalence of cigarette smoking remains high globally despite abundant evidence showing that it isn’t good for your health. But, did you know that smoking can affect the metabolism of other drugs and even cause serious drug interactions? In this blog post, I’ll discuss the mechanisms by which smoking can impact pharmacokinetics, how physiologically-based pharmacokinetic […]Read More
The use of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling for drug development is well-established and is now routinely used by the pharmaceutical industry, regulators, and researchers. In this blog post, I’ll discuss a novel application that combined PBPK and Bayesian modeling to help clinicians optimize dosing at the point of patient care. This application was used to […]Read More
Many physiological changes are associated with obesity and can potentially impact pharmacokinetics (PK). This can require adjustments to be made to the standard doses for normal weight patients in order to ensure safety and efficacy of drug therapy. Dosing of specific drugs in this population is dependent on their physico-chemistry as well as changes in body […]Read More
A primary cause of failures in pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) has been attributed to lack of efficacy1, suggesting inadequate understanding in therapeutic targets’ biology and their relevance to disease progression or modulation. Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) has the promise of increasing the probability of success in R&D by bridging scientific gaps between disciplines to […]Read More
In his most recent New York Times Magazine piece, “The Improvisational Oncologist,” Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee, author of The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer, wrote, “In an era of rapidly proliferating, precisely targeted treatments, every cancer case has to be played by ear.”Read More
China’s pharmaceutical market is poised for growth. By 2020, it is expected to grow to approximately $120 billion. Today, China’s 1.36 billion people represent 20 percent of the world’s population. Yet, they comprise only 1.5 percent of the global drug market. From a demographic perspective, nine percent of the Chinese population today is over 65 […]Read More
With the discovery of newer drugs, the “one-size-fits-all” approach towards therapy is becoming a thing of the past. The new paradigm of precision medicine aims at delivering the right treatment at the right time to the right patients. An integral part of precision medicine is administration of a precise dose, which is a critical step […]Read More
According to the Council for Responsible Nutrition, a trade group for the $32 billion nutritional supplement industry, 68% of adults take dietary supplements. Further analysis shows that supplement use is more prevalent among women, the children of women that take supplements, and the elderly. Like drugs, supplements do not work the same in all patients […]Read More
Antibody Drug Conjugates (ADCs) are constructed by attaching a small molecule drug to an antibody via a linker. The antibody selectively targets tumor cells and releases the cytotoxic drug within the cells to kill cancerous cells while sparing healthy tissue. Although some ADCs have been approved, many unanswered questions remain, such as drug-drug interactions (DDIs) and […]Read More
Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling has arrived in prime time. This quantitative mechanistic framework, combining physiology with drug information and clinical trial design, has become an integral part of drug discovery and development. PBPK has also gained currency within industry and regulatory agencies. Its applications are numerous, including simulation of pre-clinical, healthy volunteer and special population […]Read More
It’s been almost 20 years since the FDA approved a group of New Drug Applications (NDA) and Biologic License Applications (BLA) as large as the class of ’15. The 45 approved drugs represent a 10% increase over the prior year and an increase of 114% from the beginning of the decade. What accounts for this increase and how biosimulation has impacted the rise in approvals is the subject of this article.Read More
At Certara, we are not afraid to think big. In fact, solving the hardest problems in pharmaceutical R&D is our passion. You might say that some of our ambitions could be described as “moonshots.” After all, they meet the criteria put forth by the Google X moonshot program.
We seek to address the huge problem of getting safe and effective medications to patients while containing or reducing the burgeoning costs and time lines that pharma is currently incurring.
Biosimulation— the use of modeling and simulation for drug development— is a radical solution for an industry that still largely relies on empiricism.
Realizing the benefits of biosimulation will require the use of breakthrough technologies that integrate our understanding of biological systems with the power of computer modeling.
In this blog post, I will discuss the human and economic investments required to develop the field of quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) to the point that it becomes an integral part of pharma R&D.Read More
Officially, Prof. Malcolm Rowland has retired. This scientific pioneer has been helping lay the foundation of a mechanistic understanding of pharmacokinetics since the 1960s. So you might think that he’d be ready for quieter pursuits. But this professor emeritus at the University of Manchester has no plans to stop actively teaching and guiding the pharmaceutical industry’s use of modeling and simulation. Here, we pick Prof. Rowland’s brain about the impact of pharmacometrics on drug development, the direction he sees the field going, and the secrets to his success as a scientist and teacher.Read More
An IVIVC (in vitro- in vivo correlation) is a mathematical relationship that predicts key pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, AUC) from in vitro dissolution data. Drug developers use IVIVCs for 3 major reasons:
1. To serve as a surrogate for human bioequivalence (BE) studies
2. To support and/or validate the use of dissolution methods and specifications
3. To assist in quality control during manufacturing and selecting appropriate formulations
My colleague, Dr. Nikunj Patel, has previously written on the Certara blog about mechanistic IVIVC models. In this blog post, I’ll discuss how to develop IVIVC models using the conventional approach.Read More