The Certara Blog

Author: Jean-Michel Cardot

Jean-Michel Cardot is a professor and head of the Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology at the Auvergne University in France. Prior to coming to Auvergne University, he worked in the pharmaceutical industry for 15 years. Prof. Cardot earned degrees in pharmacy (PharmD), a Masters in Bio-pharmaceutical, Statistical sciences and Pharmacokinetics, and a doctorate in pharmaceutical sciences from Auvergne University. His research interests include biopharmaceutical development of drugs, in vitro dissolution, and in vivo bioequivalence and in vitro-in vivo correlation.

Recent Posts

Answers to Your Burning Questions on Level C IVIVC

Answers to Your Burning Questions on Level C IVIVC

In vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) technology allows formulation and manufacturing (CMC) professionals to understand how dissolution parameters affect in vivo drug performance. IVIVC can be performed at one of three levels—A, B, and C. Getting the most out of this tool requires knowing when and how to use which level of IVIVC. Here are some […]

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Level C IVIVC - What Is It, and When Do You Use It?

Level C IVIVC: What Is It, and When Do You Use It?

In vitro in vivo correlation (IVIVC) links in vitro drug data to in vivo performance. Regarding in vivo performance, IVIVC can predict either the in vivo plasma time-concentration curve or in vivo pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters like Cmax and AUC. In this blog, I will discuss Level C IVIVC, and when you should use this approach. […]

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Using Phoenix for Dissolution Testing

Leveraging Dissolution Testing to Meet Regulatory Guidelines

Dissolution testing is a standard tool in a formulation scientist’s arsenal. When companies make changes to drug products (particle size, excipients, manufacturing process, equipment, etc), health authorities often require comparing dissolution profiles to determine if the reference and test products are equivalent. Generic drug developers are also required to show bioequivalence between the branded drug […]

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