How PBTK Models Support Toxicological Triage

Did you know that only a small fraction of the tens of thousands of commercially-used chemicals have undergone toxicological assessment? Time and cost constraints, not to mention the ethical impossibility of studying these chemicals in human trials, hamper large-scale toxicological assessment. Physiologically-based toxicokinetic (PBTK) models can be leveraged to predict TK from in vitro measurements … Continued

6 Real-life Lessons About PBPK Modeling

I recently had the pleasure of attending a 1.5 day Certara forum for management on the applications of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling and simulation in Chicago, IL. Our CSO Dr. Amin Rostami and Certara consulting scientist, Dr. Alice Ke aptly led the forum. The highlight of the meeting was discussing the latest challenges and trends … Continued

Assessing Drug-Smoking Interactions Using PBPK Modeling

The prevalence of cigarette smoking remains high globally despite abundant evidence showing that it isn’t good for your health. But, did you know that smoking can affect the metabolism of other drugs and even cause serious drug interactions? In this blog post, I’ll discuss the mechanisms by which smoking can impact pharmacokinetics, how physiologically-based pharmacokinetic … Continued

Using PBPK Models to Optimize Antiviral Dosing at the Point of Care

The use of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling for drug development is well-established and is now routinely used by the pharmaceutical industry, regulators, and researchers. In this blog post, I’ll discuss a novel application that combined PBPK and Bayesian modeling to help clinicians optimize dosing at the point of patient care. This application was used to … Continued

Status of QSP Modeling in the Pharmaceutical Industry

A primary cause of failures in pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) has been attributed to lack of efficacy,1 suggesting inadequate understanding in therapeutic targets’ biology and their relevance to disease progression or modulation. Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) has the promise of increasing the probability of success in R&D by bridging scientific gaps between disciplines to enable … Continued

Precision Dosing Using PBPK Modeling

With the discovery of newer drugs, the “one-size-fits-all” approach towards therapy is becoming a thing of the past. The new paradigm of precision medicine aims at delivering the right treatment at the right time to the right patients. An integral part of precision medicine is administration of a precise dose, which is a critical step … Continued

Mechanistic Modeling of Antibody Drug Conjugate Pharmacokinetics

Antibody Drug Conjugates (ADCs) are constructed by attaching a small molecule drug to an antibody via a linker. The antibody selectively targets tumor cells and releases the cytotoxic drug within the cells to kill cancerous cells while sparing healthy tissue. Although some ADCs have been approved, many unanswered questions remain, such as drug-drug interactions (DDIs) and … Continued

The Next Horizons in Predicting Drug-drug Interactions

Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling has arrived in prime time. This quantitative mechanistic framework, combining physiology with drug information and clinical trial design, has become an integral part of drug discovery and development. PBPK has also gained currency within industry and regulatory agencies. Its applications are numerous, including simulation of pre-clinical, healthy volunteer and special population … Continued

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