Mechanistic Modeling of Genome Scale Molecular Interaction Networks

Andrzej Kierzek

Upon the completion of the Human Genome Project, the lead investigator, Dr. Francis Collins remarked: Science is a voyage of exploration into the unknown. We are here today to celebrate a milestone along a truly unprecedented voyage, this one into ourselves. Alexander Pope wrote, “Know then thyself. Presume not God to scan. The proper study […]

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Topics: PBPK Modeling & Simulation, Systems Pharmacology

How Model-informed Drug Development Will Increase R&D Productivity

Suzanne Minton

Will 2017 finally be the year that we overcome the blight of late-stage attrition of promising drug candidates? In a recent commentary, “Improving the Tools of Clinical Pharmacology: Goals for 2017 and Beyond,” in Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Issam Zineh and colleagues describe several areas where clinical pharmacology approaches can help reduce late-stage attrition and […]

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Topics: Clinical Pharmacology Strategy, Systems Pharmacology

Certara Launches First Global Quantitative Systems Pharmacology Consortium

PRINCETON, NJ – Jan. 25, 2017 – Certara today announced that it is launching a Quantitative Systems Pharmacology (QSP) Immunogenicity Consortium. Modeled after Certara’s highly successful Simcyp Consortium, the QSP Immunogenicity Consortium brings together leading biopharmaceutical companies in a pre-competitive environment to cooperatively develop an Immunogenicity Simulator.

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Certara’s Best of Blogs 2016

A selection of short essays from our blog, written to empower our customers with modeling and simulation (M&S) and regulatory writing solutions in order to help them solve the toughest drug development problems. Certara staff contributions range in topic from pharmacometrics to systems biology to the growing importance of regulatory writing and sharing clinical trial results.

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Can QSP Save Lives? Lessons from a Trial Debacle

Neil Benson

The notion that volunteers could be harmed in a clinical trial is every drug developer’s worst nightmare. Earlier this year, the drug company, Bial, investigated inhibitors of the enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) in clinical trials as a treatment for pain. Tragically, one person in the volunteer group died, and six patients were hospitalized. […]

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Topics: Systems Pharmacology

Status of QSP Modeling in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Steve Toon

A primary cause of failures in pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) has been attributed to lack of efficacy1, suggesting inadequate understanding in therapeutic targets’ biology and their relevance to disease progression or modulation. Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) has the promise of increasing the probability of success in R&D by bridging scientific gaps between disciplines to […]

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Topics: Systems Pharmacology

How Does the In Vivo Biliary Elimination of Drugs Change with Age? Evidence from In Vitro and Clinical Data Using a Systems Pharmacology Approach

Information on the developmental changes in biliary excretion (BE) of drugs is sparse. The aims of this study were to collate literature data on the pharmacokinetics of biliary excretion of drugs used in pediatrics and to apply a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to predict their systemic clearance (CL) with a view to elucidating age-related changes […]

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Status of Quantitative Systems Pharmacology Modeling in the Pharmaceutical Industry: A Consortium Survey of the What, When and How

A primary cause of failures in pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) was attributed to lack of efficacy (Hay et al. 2014), suggesting a lack of understanding in therapeutic targets biology and their relevance to disease progression or modulation. Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) has the promise of increasing probability of success in R&D by bridging scientific […]

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Can QSP Save Lives? Lessons from the Bial Trial Debacle

One of the biggest challenges for the pharmaceutical industry is the high rate of drug attrition in Phase 2 clinical trials, which wastes significant amounts of money and time. The major reasons for this attrition are that either candidate drugs do not show efficacy or have unexpected toxicity, in turn implying that we did not fully understand the complexity of the biology the candidate drugs were designed to modulate.

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A Six-stage Workflow for Robust Application of Systems Pharmacology

Quantitative and systems pharmacology (QSP) is increasingly being applied in pharmaceutical research and development. One factor critical to the ultimate success of QSP is the establishment of commonly accepted language, technical criteria, and workflows. We propose an integrated workflow that bridges conceptual objectives with underlying technical detail to support the execution, communication, and evaluation of […]

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Quantitative Systems Pharmacology Brings Value to Drug Development

Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) sits at the interface between pharmacometric modeling and simulation, and systems biology. It uses mathematics to describe biological processes. While pharmacokinetics describes what the body does to the drug, pharmacodynamics quantifies what the drug does to the body; the pharmacological response. QSP is a mechanistic modeling approach and an emerging technology, which mathematically integrates pharmacokinetics, pharmacological response and disease progress/modulation.

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Is the Maturation of Quantitative Systems Pharmacology a Moonshot?

Mark Hovde

At Certara, we are not afraid to think big. In fact, solving the hardest problems in pharmaceutical R&D is our passion. You might say that some of our ambitions could be described as “moonshots.” After all, they meet the criteria put forth by the Google X moonshot program. We seek to address the huge problem […]

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Topics: Systems Pharmacology

Insights on Quantitative Systems Pharmacology with Piet van der Graaf

Suzanne Minton

Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) is an emerging biosimulation technology that is going to increase pharmaceutical R&D productivity. This week at the Roundtable, we’re talking with Dr. Piet van der Graaf, PharmD, PhD about QSP and his vision for how it supports meeting the goal of precision medicine. Dr. van der Graaf is a professor of […]

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Topics: Systems Pharmacology

A Systems Pharmacology Perspective on the Clinical Development of Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Inhibitors for Pain

The level of the endocannabinoid anandamide is controlled by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). In 2011, PF-04457845, an irreversible inhibitor of FAAH, was progressed to phase II clinical trials for osteoarthritic pain. This article discusses a prospective, integrated systems pharmacology model evaluation of FAAH as a target for pain in humans, using physiologically based pharmacokinetic […]

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Systems Pharmacology of the Nerve Growth Factor Pathway: Use of a Systems Biology Model for the Identification of Key Drug Targets Using Sensitivity Analysis and the Integration of Physiology and Pharmacology

The nerve growth factor (NGF) pathway is of great interest as a potential source of drug targets, for example in the management of certain types of pain. However, selecting targets from this pathway either by intuition or by non-contextual measures is likely to be challenging. An alternative approach is to construct a mathematical model of […]

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Systems Pharmacology for Drug Discovery and Development: Paradigm Shift or Flash in the Pan?

Systems pharmacology is an emerging approach that sets out to use quantitative concepts rooted in the synergy between modeling and simulation on one hand and large-scale data collection and analysis on the other to investigate biological systems and design therapeutic interventions. Interest in this field has recently increased substantially, but so have perceived challenges and […]

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