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A novel physiologically based pharmacokinetic model of rectal absorption, evaluated and verified using clinical data on 10 rectally administered drugs

We present a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model simulating systemic drug concentrations following administration to the human rectum. Rectum physiology is parameterized based on literature data. The model utilizes in vitro release (IVRT) profiles from which drug mass transfer through the rectal fluid and tissue and into the systemic circulation are predicted. Due to a lack of data, rectal fluid and tissue absorption parameters are predicted either from colon absorption, with modifications relevant to rectal physiology, or optimized. The PBPK model is evaluated by simulating 29 clinical studies for 10 drugs.