Angiopoietin-like-2 (angptl2) is produced by several cell types including endothelial cells, adipocytes and macrophages, and contributes to the inflammatory process in cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that angptl2 impairs endothelial function, and that lowering angptl2 levels protects the endothelium against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced fat accumulation and hypercholesterolemia. Acute recombinant angptl2 reduced (P<0.05) acetylcholine-mediated vasodilation of isolated wild-type (WT) mouse femoral artery, an effect reversed (P<0.05) by the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine. Accordingly, in angptl2 knockdown (KD) mice, ACh-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilation was greater (P<0.05) than in WT mice. In arteries from KD mice, prostacyclin contributed to the overall dilation unlike in WT mice. After a 3-month HFD, overall vasodilation was not altered, but dissecting out the endothelial intrinsic pathways revealed that NO production was reduced in arteries isolated from HFD-fed WT mice (P<0.05), while NO release was maintained in KD mice. Similarly, endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) was preserved in mesenteric arteries from HFD-fed KD mice but not in those from WT mice. Finally, the HFD increased (P<0.05) total cholesterol-to-high-density lipoprotein ratios, low-density lipoprotein-to-high-density lipoprotein ratios, and leptin levels in WT mice only, while glycemia remained similar in the 2 strains. KD mice displayed less triglyceride accumulation in the liver (P<0.05 versus WT), and adipocyte diameters in mesenteric and epididymal white adipose tissues were smaller (P<0.05) in KD than in WT fed an HFD, while inflammatory gene expression increased (P<0.05) in the fat of WT mice only. Lack of angptl2 expression limits the metabolic stress induced by an HFD and maintains endothelial function in mice.
August 15, 2014
Author(s): Carol Yu, Xiaoyan Luo, Nada Farhat, Caroline Daneault, Natacha Duquette, Cécile Martel, Jean Lambert, Nathalie Thorin-Trescases, Christine Des Rosiers, Éric Thorin
Year: August 15, 2014