The objective of this study was to evaluate qualitative and quantitative biodistribution of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted thiolated type B gelatin nanoparticles in vivo in subcutaneous human pancreatic adenocarcinoma (Panc-1) bearing female SCID Beige mice. EGFR-targeted nanoparticles showed preferential and sustained accumulation in the tumor mass, especially at early time points. Higher blood concentrations and higher tumor accumulations were observed with PEG-modified and EGFR targeted nanoparticles during the study (AUClast: 17.38 and 19.56%ID/mL·h in blood, 187 and 322%ID/g·h in tumor for PEG-modified and EGFR-targeted nanoparticles, respectively), as compared to control, unmodified particles (AUClast: 10.71%ID/mL·h in blood and 138%ID/g·h in tumor). EGFR-targeted nanoparticles displayed almost twice tumor targeting efficiency than either PEG-modified or the unmodified nanoparticles, highlighting the efficacy of the active targeting strategy. In conclusion, this study shows that EGFR-targeted and PEG-modified nanoparticles were suitable vehicles for specific systemic delivery in subcutaneous Panc-1 tumor xenograft models.