The primary study objective was to compare the pharmacokinetics of p.o. terbinafine alone to p.o. terbinafine administered with p.o. cimetidine in healthy adult horses. The second objective was to assess the pharmacokinetics of terbinafine when administered per rectum in two different suspensions at 30 mg/kg to adult horses. Six healthy adult horses were included in this … Continued
Month: November 2016
The pharmacokinetics of intramuscularly administered ceftiofur crystalline-free acid (CCFA) were determined in pigs that were clinically healthy (n = 8), vaccinated with a Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome modified live virus (PRRS MLV) (n = 10), challenged with wild-type porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSv) VR-2385 (n = 10), or vaccinated with PRRS MLV and later challenged with wild-type PRRSv … Continued
BACKGROUND: Extra-label use of tulathromycin in lactating goats is common and may cause violative residues in milk. The objective of this study was to develop a nonlinear mixed-effects pharmacokinetic (NLME-PK) model to estimate tulathromycin depletion in plasma and milk of lactating goats. Eight lactating goats received two subcutaneous injections of 2.5 mg/kg tulathromycin 7 days apart; blood … Continued
Did you know that only a small fraction of the tens of thousands of commercially-used chemicals have undergone toxicological assessment? Time and cost constraints, not to mention the ethical impossibility of studying these chemicals in human trials, hamper large-scale toxicological assessment. Physiologically-based toxicokinetic (PBTK) models can be leveraged to predict TK from in vitro measurements … Continued
One size does not fit all, reports Certara’s CEO, Edmundo Muniz, and in situations when pharmacokinetic data may be difficult or impossible to obtain, modeling and simulation will stand alone.
Weakly basic poorly soluble drug compounds, such as posaconazole (POSA), may dissolve completely at fasted gastric pH but precipitate upon transit to higher small intestinal pH. A number of in vitro and in vivo methods have been used to study intestinal precipitation of poorly soluble drug compounds with a varying degree of complexity. This research … Continued