What is Pharmacodynamics?

Starting with definitions is always helpful… so after defining pharmacokinetics, a definition for pharmacodynamics is in order. The definition of pharmacodynamics (PD) is much less controversial than the definition for pharmacokinetics. The word pharmacodynamics is from two Greek words (see wikipedia for more): pharmakon: Drug dynamikós : force or power Thus, pharmacodynamics is the study … Continued

What is Pharmacokinetics?

You might think this is a simple question, especially for an expert in pharmacokinetics. Well, this question is full of controversy with each scientist having their own opinion. I think this is because the definition of pharmacokinetics is simple, yet pharmacokinetics science is broad in scope. The word pharmacokinetics is from two greek words (see … Continued

Why Have a Blog About PK and PD?

Many blogs you will find on the internet are related to personal ventures, technology, or hobbies … all topics that are suited to the light-hearted fare that is common in the blogosphere. I believe that blogs can communicate knowledge in unique ways to a broad audience. Instead of developing a blog about my personal life, … Continued

Molecular Shape and Medicinal Chemistry: A Perspective

The eight contributions here provide ample evidence that shape as a volume or as a surface is a vibrant and useful concept when applied to drug discovery. It provides a reliable scaffold for “decoration” with chemical intuition (or bias) for virtual screening and lead optimization but also has its unadorned uses, as in library design, … Continued

Population Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Model for a C.E.R.A. in Both ESA-naive and ESA-treated Chronic Kidney Disease Patients with Renal Anemia

This study aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model for C.E.R.A., a continuous erythropoietin receptor activator. C.E.R.A. is administered via intravenous (IV) and subcutaneous (SC) routes once every 2 weeks (Q2W) or once every 4 weeks (Q4W), respectively, to correct or maintain hemoglobin levels in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.