Isocombretastatins A: 1,1-diarylethenes as Potent Inhibitors of Tubulin Polymerization and Cytotoxic Compounds

Isocombretastatins A are 1,1-diarylethene isomers of combretastatins A. We have synthesized the isomers of combretastatin A-4, deoxycombretastatin A-4, 3-amino-deoxycombretastatin A-4 (AVE-8063), naphthylcombretastatin and the N-methyl- and N-ethyl-5-indolyl analogues of combretastatin A-4. Analogues with a 2,3,4-trimethoxyphenyl ring instead of the 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl ring have also been prepared. The isocombretastatins A strongly inhibit tubulin polymerization and are potentcytotoxic compounds, some of them with IC50s in the nanomolar range.