The 3D quantitative structure-activity relationships of 31 quinoline nuclei containing compounds and their biological activity have been investigated to establish various models. The comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) studies resulted in reliable and significant computational models. The obtained CoMFA model showed high predictive ability with q2 = 0.592, r2 = 0.966 and standard error of estimation (SEE) = 0.167, explaining majority of the variance in the data with two principal components. Predictions obtained with CoMSIA steric, electrostatic, hydrophobic, hydrogen-bond acceptor and donor fields (q2 = 0.533, r2 = 0.985) showed high prediction ability with minimum SEE (0.111) and four principal components. The information obtained from the CoMFA and CoMSIA contour maps can be utilized for the design and development of topoisomerase-II inhibitors for synthesis.