Poly(ADP-ribose) catabolism triggers AMP-dependent mitochondrial energy failure

Upon massive DNA damage, hyperactivation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 causes severe depletion of intracellular NAD and ATP pools as well as mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus far, the molecular mechanisms contributing to PARP-1-dependent impairment of mitochondrial functioning have not been identified. We found that degradation of the PARP-1 product poly(ADP-ribose) through the concerted actions of poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase and NUDIX (nucleoside diphosphate-X) hydrolases leads to accumulation of AMP. The latter, in turn, inhibits the ADP/ATP translocator, prompting mitochondrial energy failure. For the first time, our findings identify NUDIX hydrolases as key enzymes involved in energy derangement during PARP-1 hyperactivity. Also, these data disclose unanticipated AMP-dependent impairment of mitochondrial exchange of adenine nucleotides, which can be of relevance to organelle functioning and disease pathogenesis.

 

Laura Formentini, Antonio Macchiarulo, Giulia Cipriani, Emidio Camaioni, Elena Rapizzi, Roberto Pellicciari, Flavio Moroni, Alberto Chiarugi
June 26, 2009
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