Potential Sources of Inter-subject Variability in Monoclonal Antibody Pharmacokinetics

Understanding inter-subject variability in drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics is important to ensure that all patients attain suitable drug exposure to achieve efficacy and avoid toxicity. Inter-subject variability in the pharmacokinetics of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is generally moderate to high; however, the factors responsible for the high inter-subject variability have not been comprehensively reviewed. In […]

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Certara’s Best of Blogs 2015

A selection of short essays from our blog, written to empower our customers with biosimulation and regulatory writing solutions in order to help them solve the toughest drug development problems. Certara staff contributions range in topic from pharmacometrics to systems biology to the growing importance of regulatory writing.

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A Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling Approach to Predict Disease-Drug Interactions: Suppression of CYP3A by IL-6.

Elevated cytokine levels are known to downregulate expression and suppress activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs). Cytokine-modulating therapeutic proteins (TPs) used in the treatment of inflammation or infection could reverse suppression, manifesting as TP-drug-drug interactions (TP-DDIs). A physiologically based pharmacokinetic model was used to quantitatively predict the impact of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on sensitive CYP3A4 substrates. […]

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Prediction of the Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Efficacy of a Monoclonal Antibody, Using a Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic FcRn Model

Although advantages of physiologically based pharmacokinetic models (PBPK) are now well established, PBPK models that are linked to pharmacodynamic (PD) models to predict pharmacokinetics (PK), PD, and efficacy of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in humans are uncommon. The aim of this study was to develop a PD model that could be linked to a physiologically based mechanistic FcRn model to predict PK, PD, and efficacy of efalizumab. The mechanistic FcRn model for mAbs with target-mediated drug disposition within […]

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Potential Sources of Inter-Subject Variability in Monoclonal Antibody Pharmacokinetics.

Understanding inter-subject variability in drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics is important to ensure that all patients attain suitable drug exposure to achieve efficacy and avoid toxicity. Inter-subject variability in the pharmacokinetics of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is generally moderate to high; however, the factors responsible for the high inter-subject variability have not been comprehensively reviewed. In this review, the extent of inter-subject variability for mAb pharmacokinetics is presented […]

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Analyzing Complex In Vitro Experiments: It’s Not as Hard as You Think

Krishna Machavaram

Analyzing in vitro experiments can be challenging and time consuming. Yet, crucial decisions depend on accurate data analysis and interpretation early in development. Unfortunately, most lab-based scientists lack access to state-of-the-art models for analyzing in vitro data. A new tool enables the analysis of data generated from complex in vitro studies. These studies include assays using whole cells, tissue samples and solid dosage forms.

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Topics: Drug Discovery, Model-based Drug Development, PBPK Modeling and Simulation
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